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  • Review Article
  • Open Access

Hepatitis C virus and autoimmunity

Autoimmunity Highlights20101:5

https://doi.org/10.1007/s13317-010-0005-5

  • Received: 15 February 2010
  • Accepted: 4 March 2010
  • Published:

Abstract

Hepatitis C virus infection is associated with several extrahepatic manifestations. About 60% of patients infected with HCV develop at least one extrahepatic manifestation. The majority of these diseases seem to be triggered through autoimmune mechanisms, such as autoantibody production, autoreactive T cells and complex autoimmune mechanisms leading to systemic autoimmune disorders. In this review we categorize these diseases into three groups according to the main pathogenetic process involved, in particular B-cell-mediated, T-cell-mediated and complex autoimmune systemic diseases.

Keywords

  • Hepatitis C
  • Extrahepatic manifestations
  • Autoimmune mechanism
  • Mixed cryoglobulinaemia vasculitis
  • Lymphoma

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